Turkey has gas exporter potential with new facilities

Future planned developments for Turkey's gas market have the potential to transform the country into a gas exporter, Director of the European Federation of Energy Traders (EFET) EU Liaison Office said on Tuesday.

Speaking at Energy Trading and Supply Summit (ISTRADE), Jan Haizmann said new opportunities for Turkey are arising to substantially change southeast Europe's gas markets by creating a single gas market in the Balkans.

Haizmann said that new gas via Turkey could make the conditions ripe for a new set of circumstances in which Turkey could become a gas exporter as opposed to just an importing country. With the combination of increased LNG, further import facilities and increased pipeline deliveries, Turkey could become a gas export market, he asserted.

In 2017, a gas storage facility located in the Sultanhani district in the province of Aksaray, 40 kilometers from the Salt Lake was opened. The facility at full capacity will have 60 caverns by 2023 or able to meet about 50 percent of residential natural gas consumption. The launch of the second phase of the project will open an additional 48 caverns.

Turkey's first Floating Storage Regasification Unit (FSRU) was launched in Aliaga, Izmir in December of 2016. Since then a second FSRU with 20 million cubic meters of send-out capacity per day, was launched in Hatay - a province in the Mediterranean region in early February.

In February, Turkey's Energy and Natural Resources Minister said that Turkey would increase its 3.5 billion cubic meters of gas storage capacity from the smaller-capacity Silivri facility and Salt Lake storage facilities to 10 billion cubic meters by 2023.

"Our target is to be able to store at least 20 percent of our annual gas consumption so that we can have more energy security," he said.

Turkey has already increased its daily send-out capacity from 190 million cubic meters in 2015 to 288 million cubic meters by the end of 2017. Great connectivity between Turkey and other trading countries via projects like the Trans-Anatolian Natural Gas Pipeline and the Trans Adriatic Pipeline (TAP) are important elements for a future cross-border hub for Turkey.

"There has been good progress in the infrastructure projects that connect Turkey with the outer world," Haizmann said.

TANAP, with around $8.5 billion of investment, will deliver 6 billion cubic meters of Azeri gas to Turkey and 10 billion to Europe. The approximately 878-kilometer-long TAP pipeline will connect with the TANAP at the Turkish-Greek border at Kipoi, cross Greece and Albania and the Adriatic Sea, before coming ashore in southern Italy.

He noted that Turkey's state-owned crude oil and natural gas pipelines and trading company BOTAS has started offering monthly capacity contracts to shippers that offer more flexibility in the market. He also commended the gas platform of Turkish Energy Stock Exchange in Istanbul, EPIAS, as an "equally good development."

EPIAS launched online testing of its spot natural gas trade system on the energy stock exchange on April 1. Testing is expected to continue for five months before it is officially launched online in September. On the 'to-do-list,' unbundling BOTAS remains a key decision that needs to be taken by Turkey, which is a critical requirement for market development, Haizmann noted.

Source: Anadolu Agency

ICSG 2018 to be held on April 25 – 26 in Istanbul

6th International Istanbul Smart Grids and Cities Congress and Fair will be held between April 25 – 26 at Istanbul Congress Center. The congress and fair will be supported by the Turkish Cooperation and Coordination Agency (TIKA) and Turkey's Economy Ministry. The fair at the Istanbul Congress Center will host researchers, practitioners, developers and users from several countries, including Jordan, Azerbaijan, the U.S., Italy, China, and Iran. The participants will get a chance to discuss cutting-edge ideas and results, and innovations and to exchange techniques, tools, and experiences, according to the ICSG.

The main purpose of smart grids is to prevent power cuts through automatic measuring systems by conducting situation analysis; to provide grid reliability by controlling over loads and failures; to include renewable energy resources into the system and; to control uncontrollable, untraceable energy consumption and losses via this system.

The functions of automatic meter reading system can be summarized as saving the identity data of the meters, such data that serve as basis for accruals and billing and meter status data in data centers in historical order and convenience of different reporting methods, timely and correct tracing at measurement points and provision of consistent data for billing systems to significantly reduce energy losses.

In order to avoid irreversible results of climate change, global cooperation and collaboration is vital and has been needed. International and national intervention must be established considering the rising negative effects of climate change.

In this context, the need and procurement of energy and natural resources in short and long term period is vital. The rise of smart cities globally is directly engaged with development of smart grid. Therefore, applying smart grid systems to smart cities is inevitable. In this reason, the capacity of our cities to adopt and transform themselves to energy distribution change is important. Turkey is focusing to benefit from renewable energy resources and technologies which are creating energy efficiency.

It is widely expected that current energy grid system will shift to smart grid management systems and these systems will become widespread in international area. It is firmly believed that this congress will make significant contributions to enable a more rational utilization of the ever – growing energy demand of the world and to smart meter policy and strategies as well as to smart buildings and automation systems.

Source: ICSG

Turkey’s Zorlu Energy will be Rival to Tesla

Zorlu Energy Group Chairman Sinan Ak said that they will install charging station for each 200 kilometers and they will cover the whole country.

Previously, Tesla’s Turkey supplier Gersan announced that they will make the installation and maintenance of fast electric charging station "Supercharger" products across Turkey.

Being a rival of Tesla in this regard, Zorlu Holding Energy Group Chairman Sinan Ak: "We will complete the installation of charging stations across the whole country until the end of this year, by installing one station in 200 km. It corresponds to a USD 5 – 10 million worth of investment. We hope to get the return for this investment in 2 to 5 years period. With this investment, we are actually aiming to improve the market for electrical vehicles.”

Tesla’s Turkey supplier Gersan Electricity Trading company also had announced in the last year that, they will install charging station on the roads between cities up to 200 kilometers as the first target.

The firm also announced that it will provide charging stations for electric vehicles for places such as shopping malls, public spaces and parking lots after the necessary feasibility studies have been completed.

In Turkey, there are currently approximately 1000 electric vehicles. Since Turkey’s power network is not sufficient for charging more than a thousand vehicles in a certain regain at the same time, there is a possibility of system outages. The trend towards renewable sources is set to increase with Paris Agreement and Turkey is following this trend with the investments of private sector.

Source: Euronews

Turkey moved up to 13th in the world in solar energy generation league

Turkey is the one with the highest solar potential among the European countries. 2017 Renewable Energy Statistics Report by International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA), in terms of photovoltaic installed capacity, Turkey was ranked 25th with 844 MW in 2016. In 2017, It reached to 3,422 MW capacity and was ranked 13th among all countries in the world. In European scale, Turkey was ranked 15th in 2016, and climbed to 7th place in 2017. In addition, Turkey became the country which achieved the highest growth in installed solar capacity.

Source: IRENA

World’s most powerful wind turbine rises off Scottish coast (despite Donald Trump)

The world’s most powerful wind turbine has been successfully installed in Scottish waters despite being opposed by Donald Trump, who complained it would ruin the views from his golf course. The 191m-high device off the coast of Aberdeen has three 80m-long blades, with a single rotation able to generate enough electricity to power an average UK home for an entire day.

The turbine is the first of 11 such devices which will make up the European Offshore Wind Deployment Centre (EOWDC), where next generation technology will be trialed.

It was successfully installed by Swedish state-owned energy firm Vattenfall despite the project being hit by a series of delays, including a legal challenge from the US President.

Before he was elected, Mr. Trump claimed the “ugly” wind farm would be visible from his multi-million pound golf development at Balmedie, north of Aberdeen, and should be scrapped. However, the Scottish Government approved the plans and the UK Supreme Court eventually rejected Mr. Trump’s legal challenge to the wind farm in 2015.


The Aberdeen Bay development will be Scotland’s largest offshore wind test and demonstration facility and is the first time an 8.8 Megawatt turbine has been deployed commercially. Its developers said that when the wind farm was fully operational, it would able to provide the equivalent of more than 70 per cent of the city of Aberdeen’s domestic energy needs.

Project director Adam Ezzamel said the installation of the first turbine – which was completed with the help of a giant floating crane – was a “momentous” moment. The turbines are being transported from Esbjerg on Denmark’s west coast to Aberdeen by the Pacific Orca, believed to be the world’s largest wind farm installation vessel.

When the project is finished, it is estimated that it will have the ability to displace more than 134,000 tons of CO2 per year by generating renewable energy. “It’s a real coup for the region to have the world’s most powerful turbines on its doorstep and cements Aberdeen’s position as a major global energy city. It also will lead us to a greener future,” said Jean Morrison, chair of the Aberdeen Renewable Energy Group.

Stephanie Conesa, policy manager at Scottish Renewables, added: “As the windiest country in Europe with some of the deepest waters, we should be proud of Scotland’s burgeoning offshore wind industry. “With many more promising offshore wind sites on our doorstep, we hope to see similar facilities deployed in Scottish waters in future so we can fully utilize our country’s natural resources.”

Source: iNews

Apple now globally powered by 100 percent renewable energy

As part of its commitment to combat climate change and create a healthier environment, Apple today announced its global facilities are powered with 100 percent clean energy. This achievement includes retail stores, offices, data centers and co-located facilities in 43 countries — including the United States, the United Kingdom, China and India. The company also announced nine additional manufacturing partners have committed to power all of their Apple production with 100 percent clean energy, bringing the total number of supplier commitments to 23.

“We’re committed to leaving the world better than we found it. After years of hard work we’re proud to have reached this significant milestone,” said Tim Cook, Apple’s CEO. “We’re going to keep pushing the boundaries of what is possible with the materials in our products, the way we recycle them, our facilities and our work with suppliers to establish new creative and forward-looking sources of renewable energy because we know the future depends on it.”

Renewable Energy Projects

Apple and its partners are building new renewable energy projects around the world, improving the energy options for local communities, states and even entire countries. Apple creates or develops, with utilities, new regional renewable energy projects that would not otherwise exist. These projects represent a diverse range of energy sources, including solar arrays and wind farms as well as emerging technologies like biogas fuel cells, micro-hydro generation systems and energy storage technologies.

Apple currently has 25 operational renewable energy projects around the world, totaling 626 megawatts of generation capacity, with 286 megawatts of solar PV generation coming online in 2017, its most ever in one year. It also has 15 more projects in construction. Once built, over 1.4 gigawatts of clean renewable energy generation will be spread across 11 countries.

Since 2014, all of Apple’s data centers have been powered by 100 percent renewable energy. And since 2011, all of Apple's renewable energy projects have reduced greenhouse gas emissions (CO2e) by 54 percent from its facilities worldwide and prevented nearly 2.1 million metric tons of CO2e from entering the atmosphere.

Apple’s renewable energy projects include:

  • Apple Park, Apple’s new headquarters in Cupertino, is now the largest LEED Platinum-certified office building in North America. It is powered by 100 percent renewable energy from multiple sources, including a 17-megawatt onsite rooftop solar installation and four megawatts of biogas fuel cells, and controlled by a microgrid with battery storage. It also gives clean energy back to the public grid during periods of low occupancy.
  • Over 485 megawatts of wind and solar projects have been developed across six provinces of China to address upstream manufacturing emissions.
  • Apple recently announced plans to build a 400,000-square-foot, state-of-the-art data center in Waukee, Iowa, that will run entirely on renewable energy from day one.
  • In Prineville, Oregon, the company signed a 200-megawatt power purchase agreement for an Oregon wind farm, the Montague Wind Power Project, set to come online by the end of 2019.
  • In Reno, Nevada, Apple created a partnership with the local utility, NV Energy, and over the last four years developed four new projects totaling 320 megawatts of solar PV generation.
  • In Japan, Apple is partnering with local solar company Daini Denryoku to install over 300 rooftop solar systems that will generate 18,000 megawatt-hours of clean energy every year — enough to power more than 3,000 Japanese homes.
  • Apple’s data center in Maiden, North Carolina, is supported by projects that generate 244 million kilowatt-hours of renewable energy per year, which is equivalent to the energy used by 17,906 North Carolina homes.
  • In Singapore, where land is scarce, Apple adapted and built its renewable energy on 800 rooftops.
  • Apple is currently constructing two new data centers in Denmark that will run on 100 percent renewable energy from day one.

Source: Apple

Japan’s international renewables leadership can help it scale-up domestic market

Earlier this month, IRENA Director-General Adnan Z. Amin was invited to Japan by Minister for Foreign Affairs, HE Taro Kono, to discuss the era of renewable energy diplomacy and Japan’s place within a global energy sector undergoing a rapid transformation.

During his three-day visit, the Director-General visited the Fukushima Renewable Energy Laboratory (FREA), at the National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology in Koriyama City.  FREA is a centre to promote research and development into renewable energy, and to develop innovative technologies. Established shortly after the 2001 Fukushima disaster, the centre is, symbolically, a potent symbol of Japan’s eagerness to develop a source of energy that is safe, non-polluting, and sustainable.

During his remarks to FREA and Fukushima Prefecture officials, the Director-General pointed out that Japan’s global leadership in technological innovation related to renewables places it in a strong position to scale up the use of renewable energy domestically. By 2016, Japan had secured more than 80 000 cleantech patents, representing more than a sixth of the global total.  This makes it one of the top three cleantech innovation hubs in the world.

The Director-General also visited a remarkable geothermal binary power generation plant in Tsuchiya Onsen Town. Japan has the third highest potential for geothermal energy in the world (23 GW), but is currently only using around 2% of this.  The plants, which were established as part of recovery efforts, are an excellent model of how geothermal power generation can coexist with tourism related to Japanese onsen (hotsprings), which are typically the most accessible sites to harness geothermal energy. Warm water drainage from the Tsuchiya plant is even powering a thriving shrimp farming business.

During his keynote address at the International Seminar: The Age of Renewable Energy Diplomacy and Japan’s Course (co-hosted by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the Sasakawa Peace Foundation), the Director-General explored how the world of international geopolitics is changing in response to the ongoing energy transformation.  He further noted that, given the requisite political and financial support, this presents an opportunity for Japan to play a leading role in bringing about a low-carbon renewable energy-based future.

Source: IRENA

Electric Vehicle use expected to charge up in Middle East

Elon Musk visited Israel last month and reportedly met with government representatives in addition to those of a local start-up, raising speculation that Tesla electric cars could be introduced into the country. Though Musk denied the conjecture on Twitter, his California-based company has over the past year expanded into other parts of the region as demand for electric vehicles continues to grow.

Globally, electric vehicle (EV) sales increased by more than 60 percent from 2016 to 2017, according to Bloomberg. While much of the market is concentrated in the United States and Europe, a combination of increased private investment and government incentivization prefigures expansion of the EV industry in the Middle East.

For its part, Tesla early last year began accepting online orders for its vehicles from both the United Arab Emirates and Jordan and has since opened up a dealership and service center in both Dubai and Amman. Other car companies, such as Japan-based Nissan, likewise are attempting to penetrate the regional market, leading to a boom in the construction of related infrastructure. For example, the first solar-powered “smart park” was recently completed in Dubai, whereas the German company e-Charge last month finalized an estimated $25 million deal to install 10,000 charging ports in Jordan.

“We have identified three markets in which the conditions are conducive to e-mobility,” Markus Dold, founder of e-Charge, explained to The Media Line in an email. “Jordan is certainly one of them as well as Israel and UAE. There is a general feeling that the region is changing and further integrating into the global economy and as such we think that there will be good growth as a whole.”

Meanwhile, some Mideast governments have started offering incentives to citizens—such as free electricity to recharge cars for a limited period of time—in a bid to promote the EV industry, primarily for economic and environmental reasons. “There’s growing interest from the governments to introduce electric vehicles and there’s a push from the car industry,” Nabeel Alzaka, Executive Director of Surface Mobility, a Dubai-based consultancy firm, told The Media Line. “I think every Gulf country has recognized that they don’t have an unlimited supply of oil.”

Accordingly, Alzaka believes that within the next decade many regional countries will incorporate electric vehicles into their public transportation systems.

The current trend is a stark break from recent years in which the Middle East’s EV market took hit after hit, with a lack of infrastructure and limited technology making both investors and consumers reluctant to buy into the product.

Notably, concerns over short battery life, coupled with minimal numbers of charging stations, partially account for the demise of the once up-and-coming Israeli start-up Better Place, which was founded in 2007 but declared bankruptcy in 2013. The company gained international notoriety for developing an innovative network of stations across Israel where consumers could switch out dead batteries for charged ones.

However, the process was “cumbersome” and needed to be repeated too frequently, according to Brian Blum, author of “Totaled: The Billion-Dollar Crash of the Startup that Took on Big Auto, Big Oil and the World.” Blum, who once owned a Better Place car, explained to The Media Line that in the half-decade since the corporation’s demise “a number of companies in Israel have [developed] batteries that can charge faster or go for longer,” but stressed the need for charging ports to be as “ubiquitous as gas stations.”

In fact, EV companies are increasingly aware that appropriate infrastructure needs to be in place in order to reassure consumers. “[We want] to solve the chicken and egg problem of e-mobility,” Dold of e-Charge concluded. “People don’t buy electric cars if they don’t see charging stations.”

Source: The Medialine


Renewable Capacity Statistics 2018

The International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) produces comprehensive renewable energy statistics on a range of topics. This publication presents renewable power generation capacity statistics for the last decade (2008-2017) in trilingual tables.

Renewable power generation capacity is measured as the maximum net generating capacity of power plants and other installations that use renewable energy sources to produce electricity. For most countries and technologies, the data reflects the capacity installed and connected at the end of the calendar year. Data has been obtained from a variety of sources, including IRENA’s questionnaire, official national statistics, industry association reports, other reports and news articles.

IRENA gratefully acknowledges the support of national correspondents, national and international industry associations for their help in compiling this dataset.

Please click here to read the full report.