Turkey and South Korea agree on cooperation for 2023 agenda

Turkey and South Korea agreed on close cooperation for successful implementation of Turkey's 2023 Vision agenda, according to a joint statement from the two countries’ leaders on Wednesday.

The statement came after Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan's official meeting with his South Korean counterpart Moon Jae-in at the presidential palace in Seoul.

Turkey's 2023 Vision, marking the centenary of the Republic of Turkey, sets specific targets for improvements in the areas of economic activity, energy, healthcare, and transport for 2023, including becoming one of the world’s top 10 economies.

The two leaders agreed to increase contact and cooperation between their governments and the private sector.

On bilateral issues, they agreed to expand bilateral cooperation on transport, infrastructure, and the energy and defense industry sectors.

Both leaders also attended a signing ceremony for four bilateral agreements on cooperation in higher education; information, telecommunication, space and satellite technologies; industry and energy; and health and medical science.

Source: AA

Turkey’s EXIST and Bulgaria’s IBEX signed a goodwill agreement

The delegation headed by EXIST Board Member Mustafa Karahan and EXIST General Manager Mustafa Kayırıcı visited the Bulgarian Independent Energy Exchange (IBEX) and the Bulgarian Energy and Water Regulatory Commission (EWRC) on 27 April.

During the visit Mustafa Karahan shared Turkey’s know-how and experience in the field of Renewables Support Mechanism and the volume of the natural gas market operation principles.

Karahan: "We are giving great importance to renewable energy sources in line with policies developed for local and national sources of energy in Turkey.” Stating that they plan to go live in Organize Wholesale Natural Gas Sales Market (OTSP), which will be operated by EPİAŞ as of September 1, Karahan expressed his opinions on the process of natural gas market formation. At the end of the meeting, Karahan said: "Our strategic goal is the natural gas price determined by the market."

As a result of the meeting with IBEX, it was decided to sign a goodwill agreement for the establishment of a natural gas market in Bulgaria.

Among the objectives of the goodwill agreement, there are topics including: development of organized spot gas trading in Bulgaria, software development studies for Central Bilateral Contracts Market (Centralized Market for Bilateral Contracts-CMBC), exploring the opportunities for mergers of the day ahead electricity markets of Bulgaria and Turkey

At the meeting, IBEX officials shared details of the electricity market and trading platforms operated by the Bulgarian Energy Exchange, by stating that Bulgaria offers opportunities for market integration between Macedonia and Western European countries.

In the afternoon, EWRC, responsible for energy and water regulation and supervision in Bulgaria was visited. EWRC President Ivan Ivanov emphasized the importance of making efforts to develop cooperation in the energy field between two friendly countries Bulgaria and Turkey and said: "Turkey's experience is important for us" and expressed their pleasure for the visit.

Source: EXIST

Offshore wind set to see growth trend globally

Offshore wind power is expected to see a growing trend in the global energy sector with the possibility of big merger and acquisitions (M&A) in the coming 12 months, according to a new KPMG report.

International audit, tax and advisory services company, KPMG, conducted Deal Making In the Renewable Energy Sector 2018 research based on a survey of 200 senior level investors in this sector, from the Asia Pacific region, Europe, the Middle East and Africa (EMA) and the Americas.

According to this research, renewable energy deal activity is heating up with M&A maintaining a steady rise in volume for the past seven years. Deal volumes have increased every year since 2010 with 406 deals globally, worth €40.1 billion in 2017.

"Valuations are up as utilities and other larger players strive to keep up with new entrants and the pace of technological change," the research shows.

Valuations are expected to rise for offshore renewables in particular. Valuations of offshore renewables are expected to increase over the next 24 months, according to 82 percent of respondents, followed by photovoltaic solar (81%), hydropower (68%) and thermal solar (51%).

The research also showed there have been remarkable developments in battery storage in recent years as technology improves.

"As a consequence, we see this becoming a significant new area for investment for 2018 and beyond, and 98 percent of respondents think that battery storage is important when considering an investment in any future renewable energy projects," according to the report.

Germany and China to lead in M&A activities

The EMA region could see the biggest M&A activities in the coming 12 months.

Forty percent of respondents think that Germany and China will see the biggest increases in M&A activities while 26% consider that the U.K. will have the majority while 21% regard India as potentially the biggest, the research showed.

Furthermore, 60% of respondents say that Germany’s policies are the most favorable among advanced economies for investment in renewables while 43 percent say the U.S. has the least favorable policies among advanced economies for promoting renewable investment, according to the research.

Turkey to see highest growth of renewables in next 5 years

Renewable energy assets in Turkey, consisting of wind, solar, geothermal and bio, showed the highest growth rate in terms of electricity generation for the last five years with an annual average growth rate of 32%, KPMG Turkey Energy Sector Leader Umit Bilirgen told.

Renewables only had a 2.6% share in electricity generation in 2011 but had over 9% share in 2017. In the next five years, renewables, including hydropower plants, are also expected to achieve the highest growth rate of 9% per annum compared to other sources of electricity with an additional capacity of 26 gigawatts by 2023," Bilirgen said.

This trend of unparalleled growth in renewable energy capacity in Turkey is similar to the trends in most of the countries around the world.

"Hundreds of local and international investors have invested billions of dollars over the last 10 years to over 10,000 megawatts of wind, solar, geothermal and bio assets in Turkey," he explained.

Bilirgen said the challenges local investors face in developing and managing the renewable assets in terms of technology, financing, regulations and partnerships are also quite similar to those experienced by other investors around the globe.

He considers that the EMA region, which Turkey is part of, is the region that is expected to see the biggest rise in M&A activity over the next 12 months.

Turkey plans to open one solar and one offshore wind tender this year of around 1,000 megawatts each. The solar tender is expected to have the installation of battery storage as a condition in its criteria.

Source: AA

2018 Expectations: General Manager’s of DSOs in Turkey

ADM Electricity Distribution Company CEO Bülent Yüksel

We are celebrating our 10th anniversary in 2018. We are aiming to make TL 200 Million investment in order to offer quality and uninterrupted service to our customers, increase the customer satisfaction level that we achieved in 2017 and provide innovative solutions.

Akdeniz Electricity Distribution Company CEO Bahadır Müdüroğlu

Our priority for 2018 is again renewing and increasing the capacity of the network in rural areas. We continue our planned maintenance and repair services. This year, we are able to remotely detect the problems on lighting and take the necessary action without waiting for a complaint, thanks to our troubleshooting software connected to OSOS system.

AKEDAŞ Electricity Distribution Company CEO Mustafa Yılmaz

We are aiming to improve our current R&D projects that we have and add the new ones for providing significant benefits to the sector. In 2018, we have started to incorporate the fault repair service to our own structure, instead of taking this service from a contractor. In this line, we employed 154 people in Kahramanmaraş.

Progress on global energy goals slow, but strong gains in countries show promise

The world is not on track to meet the global energy targets for 2030 set as part of the Sustainable Development Goals, but real progress is being made in certain areas – particularly expansion of access to electricity in least developed countries, and industrial energy efficiency, according to a new report from five international agencies.

Renewable energy is making impressive gains in the electricity sector, although these are not being matched in transportation and heating – which together account for 80% of global energy consumption. 

While global trends are disappointing, recent national experiences around the world offer encouraging signs. There is mounting evidence that with the right approaches and policies, countries can make substantial in clean energy and energy access, and improve the lives of millions of people.

Tracking SDG7: The Energy Progress Report, launched at the Sustainable Energy for All Forum today, is the most comprehensive look available at the world’s progress towards the global energy targets on access to electricity, clean cooking, renewable energy and energy efficiency. 

The following are some of the main findings of the report. Findings are based official national-level data and measure global progress up to 2015 for renewable energy and energy efficiency, and 2016 for access to electricity and clean cooking.

Access to Electricity

  • - One billion people – or 13% of the world’s population – still live without electricity. Sub-Saharan Africa, and Central and South Asia continue to be the areas of the world with the largest access deficits. Almost 87% of the world’s people without electricity live in rural areas.
  • - The number of people gaining access to power has been accelerating since 2010, but needs to ramp up further to achieve universal access to electricity by 2030. If current trends continue, an estimated 674 million people will still live without electricity in 2030.
  • - Some of the strongest gains were made in Bangladesh, Ethiopia, Kenya and Tanzania, which all increased their electricity access rate by 3% or more annually between 2010 and 2016. Over the same period, India provided electricity to 30 million people annually, more than any other country. Sub-Saharan Africa’s electrification deficit has begun to fall in absolute terms for the first time.
  • - Tens of millions of people now have access to electricity through solar home systems or connected to mini-grids. However, these remain concentrated in about a dozen pioneering countries where penetration of solar electricity can reach as much as 5-15% of the population.

Clean Cooking

  • - Three billion people – or more than 40% of the world’s population – do not have access to clean cooking fuels and technologies. Household air pollution from burning biomass for cooking and heating is responsible for some 4 million deaths a year, with women and children at the greatest risk. 
  • - Parts of Asia have seen access to clean cooking outpace growth in population. These positive outcomes were driven largely by widespread dissemination of LPG or piped natural gas. In India, Pakistan, Indonesia and Vietnam, the population with access to clean cooking technologies grew by more than 1% of their population annually.
  • - In Sub-Saharan Africa, however, population growth in recent years has outstripped the number of people gaining access to clean cooking technologies by a ratio of four to one.
  • - Clean cooking continues to lag the furthest behind of all the four energy targets, due to low consumer awareness, financing gaps, slow technological progress, and lack of infrastructure for fuel production and distribution. If the current trajectory continues, 2.3 billion people will continue to use traditional cooking methods in 2030.

Energy Efficiency

  • - There is mounting evidence of the uncoupling of growth and energy use. Global gross domestic product (GDP) grew nearly twice as fast as primary energy supply in 2010-15. Economic growth outpaced growth in energy use in all regions, except for Western Asia, where GDP is heavily tied to energy-intensive industries, and in all income groups. However, progress continues to be slow in low income countries, where energy intensity is higher than the global average.
  • - Globally, energy intensity – the ratio of energy used per unit of GDP – fell at an accelerating pace of 2.8% in 2015, the fastest decline since 2010.  This improved the average annual decline in energy intensity to 2.2 % for the period 2010-2015. However, performance still falls short of the 2.6% yearly decline needed to meet the SDG7 target of doubling the global rate of improvement in energy efficiency by 2030.
  • - Improvement in industrial energy intensity, at 2.7% per annum since 2010, was particularly encouraging, as this is the largest energy consuming sector overall. Progress in the transport sector was more modest, especially for freight transportation, and is a particular challenge for high-income countries. In low and middle-income countries, the energy intensity of the residential sector has been increasing since 2010.
  • - Six of the 20 countries that represent 80 percent of the world’s total primary energy supply, including Japan and the US, reduced their annual primary energy supply in 2010-15 while continuing to grow GDP – indicating a peak in energy use. Among the large energy-intensive developing economies, China and Indonesia stood out with annual improvement exceeding 3 percent.

Renewable Energy

  • - As of 2015, the world obtained 17.5% of its total final energy consumption from renewable sources, of which 9.6% represents modern forms of renewable energy such as geothermal, hydropower, solar and wind. The remainder is traditional uses of biomass (such as fuelwood and charcoal).
  • - Based on current policies, the renewable share is expected to reach just 21% by 2030, with modern renewables growing to 15%, falling short of the substantial increase demanded by the SDG7 target.
  • - Rapidly falling costs have allowed solar and wind to compete with conventional power generation sources in multiple regions, driving the growth in the share of renewables in electricity to 22.8% in 2015. But electricity accounted for only 20% of total final energy consumption that year, highlighting the need to accelerate progress in transport and heating.
  • - The share of renewable energy in transport is rising quite rapidly, but from a very low base, amounting to only 2.8% in 2015. The use of renewable energy for heating purposes has barely increased in recent years and stood at 24.8% in 2015, of which one third was from modern uses.
  • - Since 2010, China’s progress in renewable energy alone accounted for nearly 30% of absolute growth in renewable energy consumption globally in 2015. Brazil was the only country among the top 20 largest energy consumers to substantially exceed the global average renewable share in all end uses: electricity, transport and heating. The UK’s share of renewable energy in total final energy consumption grew by 1% annually on average since 2010 – more than five times the global average.

Tracking SDG7: The Energy Progress Report is a joint effort of the International Energy Agency (IEA), the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA), United Nations Statistics Division (UNSD), the World Bank, and the World Health Organization (WHO).

“It is clear that the energy sector must be at the heart of any effort to lead the world on a more sustainable pathway,” said Dr Fatih Birol, the Executive Director of the International Energy Agency (IEA). “There is an urgent need for action on all technologies, especially on renewables and energy efficiency, which are key for delivering on three critical goals – energy access, climate mitigation and lower air pollution. The IEA is committed to leading this agenda and working with counties around the world to support clean energy transitions.”

“Falling costs, technological improvements and enabling frameworks are fueling an unprecedented growth of renewable energy, which is expanding energy access, improving health outcomes, and helping to tackle climate change, while also creating jobs and powering sustainable economic growth,” said IRENA Director-General Adnan Z. Amin. “At the same time, this tracking report is an important signal that we must be more ambitious in harnessing the power of renewable energy to meet sustainable development and climate goals, and take more deliberate action to achieve a sustainable energy future.”

“This detailed report describing the progress so far on SDG7 is a testament to the collaboration of the five international agencies on providing quality and comprehensive data and delivering a common message regarding the progress towards ensuring access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all,” said Stefan Schweinfest, Director of the Statistics Division of UN DESA. “Still, there is a need for improving statistical systems that collect energy information in those countries where the most pressing energy issues remain to be addressed. Better data are needed to inform policy accurately, particularly developing countries, least developed countries, landlocked developing countries, and small island developing States. For this, investments in energy statistical systems are essential.”

“The experience of countries that have substantially increased the number of people with electricity in a short space of time holds out real hope that we can reach the billion people who still live without power,” said Riccardo Puliti, Senior Director for Energy and Extractives at the World Bank. “We know that with the right policies, a commitment to both on-grid and off-grid solutions, well-tailored financing structures, and mobilization of the private sector, huge gains can be made in only a few years. This in turn is having real, positive impacts on the development prospects and quality of life for millions of people.”

“It is unacceptable that in 2018, 3 billion people still breathe deadly smoke every day from cooking with polluting fuels and stoves. Every year, household air pollution kills around 4 million people from diseases including pneumonia, heart disease, stroke, lung disease and cancer,” said Dr Maria Neira, Director, Department of Public Health, Environmental and Social Determinants of Health, at the World Health Organization (WHO). “By expanding access to clean affordable household energy, the global community has the power to lift a terrible health burden from millions of marginalized people – in particular women and young children who face the greatest health risks from household air pollution.”

“As we take stock of progress towards the global goal on sustainable energy, this latest data clearly shows more action and political leadership is needed if we are to live up to our promise to leave no one behind,” said Rachel Kyte, Special Representative of the UN Secretary-General and CEO of Sustainable Energy for All. “To meet 2030 targets, we must make every unit of energy work harder. We need to increase investment in the technologies and business models that make electricity access affordable for everyone, place even bigger bets on the remarkable capacity of renewable energy and build big markets for clean fuels and cooking access. World leaders put the promise of leaving no one behind at the heart of the Sustainable Development Goals, and now is the time for that promise to become reality.”

Source: IEA

Munich Airport uses analogue to offer smart metering services

Munich Airport in partnership with Huawei, Telefonica Germany and IoT firm Q-loud has launched a pilot, which includes the use of traditional analogue meters to provide smart meter services.

The system uses NB-IoT communications to provide an intelligent solution to improve energy, water and gas reading and billing processes.

The solution comprises a camera system developed by Q-Loud. The camera records meter readings of analogue meters, analyses images and uses integrated software to recognize displayed meter readings.

The system then uses Telefonica’s NB-IoT network to send recorded meter data, in digital form, to an IoT platform developed by Huawei, OceanConnect.

OceanConnect then enables the airport’s IT department to quickly access meter data for rapid analysis.

The concept is expected to help Munich Airport to address the challenge of replacing analogue meters with smart meters.

The airport has been facing a challenge of insufficient wireless signals in buildings and underground. This limited the application of sensors and smart meters in efforts by the airport to replace analogue and manual meter readings. In addition, the airport needed a network which does not interfere with air traffic control systems.

Johann Götz, responsible for software and infrastructure development at Munich Airport, stated: "One important requirement for the current ongoing digital development of the airport has already been established: the IT department and technology department need to join efforts if the physical world on premises, to be connected to the Internet and become part of the Internet of Things.

"The Internet of Things is not a goal in itself. We want to increase efficiency and enable new services.

"We are responsible for numerous electricity meters, based in the buildings on our premises and in properties in a 10-kilometer radius from the airport. These need to be read at least once a year, and many need to be read monthly. It's a lot of work, and because electricity consumption cannot be recorded in real-time, we cannot quickly intervene if there are any unforeseen changes."

"Through digitization, we've experienced dramatic changes in almost all departments. We're proud that Munich Airport has introduced a new technology like Narrowband IoT," added Götz.

The IT specialist is convinced that by embracing technologies like NB-IoT to drive digitization, Munich Airport can become a model for other smart cities.

Alexander Rupprecht, Director B2B Business Brand P & L at Telefónica in Germany, added: "For the first time, we have implemented a new mobile communications standard for this trial in Munich Airport using NarrowBand IoT, which is specially designed for industrial-grade Internet of Things deployments and enables energy-efficient data transmission from corresponding IoT devices."

Source: Metering
Prairie View A&M University Team Grand Winner

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) announced winners of its fifth annual Race to Zero Student Design Competition, a competition that challenges collegiate teams to apply sound building science principles to create cost-effective, market-ready designs for zero energy ready homes and schools. A zero energy ready building is a high performance building that can offset all or most of its annual energy consumption with on-site renewable energy. This significantly reduces annual energy costs while improving comfort, health, safety, and durability. Student designs in the Race to Zero competition must meet either DOE's Zero Energy Ready Home program requirements or the Advanced Energy Design Guide For K–12 School Buildings–Achieving a Zero Energy Building.

"The students participating represent the next generation of architects, engineers, and construction managers that can fully integrate building science with design," said Kathleen Hogan, Deputy Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency in the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE). "Greater building energy efficiency offers billions of dollars in potential energy cost savings in our homes and schools—and the experience at Race to Zero helps students and industry come together to apply technical resources from the DOE to real-world solutions for critical building industry challenges."

The competition was held at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) in Golden, Colorado, April 20–22, 2018, with the intent to inspire next-generation building professionals to apply the latest building science innovations in new and existing homes and commercial buildings. The awards recognize students who excel at creative solutions to real world problems.

This year's competition featured a new commercial building design contest on elementary schools, in addition to the four residential building contests. Teams had many building type options to focus on, including new construction or retrofitting an existing building. Students from 84 teams, representing 68 collegiate institutions across nine countries, competed for finalist spots. Ultimately, 40 teams, representing 34 institutions and five countries, qualified as finalists at NREL. Team submissions had to meet the competition's cost-effective, high performance building energy requirements, as well as demonstrate strong design concepts. The juror panels included leading high-performance home builders, architects, building science professionals, building product manufacturer experts, and national laboratory research scientists.

Below are the top winners in each contest:

Grand Winner

  • Prairie View A&M University, Prairie View, Texas

Suburban Single-Family Housing Contest

  • First place: The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania
  • Second place: University of Missouri-Columbia, Columbia, Missouri

Urban Single-Family Housing Contest

  • First place: Prairie View A&M University, Prairie View, Texas
  • Second place: Ball State University, Muncie, Indiana

Attached Housing Contest

  • First place: University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada
  • Second place: Miami University, Oxford, Ohio

Small Multifamily Housing Contest

  • First place: Miami University, Oxford, Ohio
  • Second place: Illinois Institute of Technology, Chicago, Illinois

Elementary Schools Contest

  • First place: Middlebury College, Middlebury, Vermont
  • Second place: Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, Virginia

The primary goals of the competition are to advance building science curricula in university programs across the country and inspire students to continue careers promoting high-performance buildings. Competing undergraduate students, graduate students, and university faculty are at the forefront of a leadership movement to design very sustainable homes and schools.

The Department of Energy's Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy accelerates the research and development of energy efficiency and renewable energy technologies and validates their performance in the field. Visit the Building Technologies Office website to learn more about broader efforts to help new and existing homes and schools across the United States find cost-effective, energy-saving solutions.

Source: DOE

How Lies Spread Online

The spread of misinformation on social media is an alarming phenomenon that scientists have yet to fully understand. While the data show that false claims are increasing online, most studies have analyzed only small samples or the spread of individual fake stories.

My colleagues Soroush Vosoughi, Deb Roy and I set out to change that. We recently analyzed the diffusion of all of the major true and false stories that spread on Twitter from its inception in 2006 to 2017. Our data included approximately 126,000 Twitter “cascades” (unbroken chains of retweets with a common, singular origin) involving stories spread by three million people more than four and a half million times.

Disturbingly, we found that false stories spread significantly more than did true ones. Our findings were published on Thursday in the journal Science.

We started by identifying thousands of true and false stories, using information from six independent fact-checking organizations, including Snopes, PolitiFact and Factcheck.org. These organizations exhibited considerable agreement — between 95 percent and 98 percent — on the truth or falsity of these stories.

Then we searched Twitter for mentions of these stories, followed the sharing activity to the “origin” tweets (the first mention of a story on Twitter) and traced all the retweet cascades from every origin tweet. We then analyzed how they spread online.

For all categories of information — politics, entertainment, business and so on — we found that false stories spread significantly farther, faster and more broadly than did true ones. Falsehoods were 70 percent more likely to be retweeted, even when controlling for the age of the original tweeter’s account, its activity level, the number of its followers and followees, and whether Twitter had verified the account as genuine. These effects were more pronounced for false political stories than for any other type of false news.

Surprisingly, Twitter users who spread false stories had, on average, significantly fewer followers, followed significantly fewer people, were significantly less active on Twitter, were verified as genuine by Twitter significantly less often and had been on Twitter for significantly less time than were Twitter users who spread true stories. Falsehood diffused farther and faster despite these seeming shortcomings.

And despite concerns about the role of web robots in spreading false stories, we found that human behavior contributed more to the differential spread of truth and falsity than bots did. Using established bot-detection algorithms, we found that bots accelerated the spread of true stories at approximately the same rate as they accelerated the spread of false stories, implying that false stories spread more than true ones as a result of human activity.

Why would that be? One explanation is novelty. Perhaps the novelty of false stories attracts human attention and encourages sharing, conveying status on sharers who seem more “in the know.”

Our analysis seemed to bear out this hypothesis. Using accepted computerized methods for inferring emotional content from word use, we found that false stories inspired replies on Twitter expressing greater surprise than did true stories. The truth, on the other hand, inspired more joy and trust. Such emotions may shed light on what inspires people to share false stories.

As we learn more about how and why false news spreads, we should test interventions to dampen its diffusion. For example, though it was disheartening to learn that humans are more responsible for the spread of false stories than previously thought, this finding also implies that behavioral interventions may succeed in stemming the tide of falsity. It could be, for example, that labeling news stories, in much the same way we label food, could change the way people consume and share it.

Financial incentives are another possible tool. The social media advertising market creates incentives for the spread of false stories because their wider diffusion makes them profitable. If platforms were to demote accounts or posts that disseminated false stories, using algorithms to weed out falsehoods, the financial incentives would presumably be reduced. The tricky question, of course, would be: Who gets to decide what is true and false?

Our research is just the beginning. A more robust identification of the factors that drive the spread of true and false news will require direct interaction with users through interviews, surveys and lab experiments. We could also benefit from randomized controlled trials of efforts to dampen the spread of false stories.

Some notion of truth is central to the proper functioning of nearly every realm of human endeavor. If we allow the world to be consumed by falsity, we are inviting catastrophe.

Source: NY Times


Boden Law's Energy Regulatory Report concerning the first quarter of the year 2018 has been issued. Content:

  • Amendments in the Unlicensed Electricity Regulation
  • Draft Amendment of the Natural Gas Market License Regulation published for public review
  • Principles and Procedures for Solar Power Projects up to 10Kw installed capacity
  • Establishment of a Capacity Market for Electricity
  • Communiqué introducing two different eligible consumer types entered into force
  • Amendments in Tariffs Regulation
  • The New Ancillary Services Regulation entered into force
  • Amendment in Balancing and Settlement Regulation
  • Decision of Constitutional Court on the constitutionality of the collection of loss and theft amounts
  • Expected Network Code Amendments published
  • The Network Code Amendment with regard to export exit points
  • Change of deadline for the wind pre-license applications
  • Announcement of candidate Renewable Energy Resource Areas
  • Amendments introduced in the energy market with the Omnibus Bill
    • Spot Pipeline Gas Import
    • Tax Exemption for Small Unlicensed Solar Projects up to 10 Kw
    • Stamp Duty Exemption for Pre-License Holders
    • Addition to the activities that can be performed without a license under the Electricity Market Law
    • Stamp Duty Exemption for Organized Market Transactions to be extended for Natural Gas
  • Privatization of Eskişehir Coal Mine Reserve Area and Energy Generation Area
  • Privatization Tenders for Hydroelectricity Power Plants
  • News from us
  • Upcoming events

Please click here to read the full report.