9th International Congress on Occupational Health and Safety held this week in Istanbul

The International Congress on Occupational Health and Safety was organized for the 9th time in Istanbul, Halic Congress Center under the theme “Coordination and Cooperation on Occupational Health and Safety” between 6 – 9 May.

Prime Minister Binali Yildirim and Minister of Labour and Social Security Julide Sarieroglu participated in the opening ceremony. During his opening speech Mr. Yildirim mentioned the improvement recorded in the workplace safety in Turkey and said: “Despite the increase in the number of employees, we have achieved a 38% reduction in work accidents. But it is not possible to see it as sufficient. Our target should be zero work accident involving death. It is a perfect goal, but we will take the necessary precautions to achieve more education, more precautions and less human errors. This four-day event is mainly an international platform where various countries' practices will be put on the table, expert opinions will be revealed and everyone will benefit from each other. According to ILO tests, occupational accidents and occupational diseases constitute an economic value of up to 4% of the gross domestic products of countries. Of course, 4% is an important proportion, but there is no point in any way. Because the value of human life cannot be measured in monetary terms. We should be more careful in that regard. Despite all these measures, despite the decisions of the international labor organization and other organizations, 2 million 300 thousand people are still losing their lives due to occupational accidents or occupational diseases. This is still a very high number.”

The Congress provides a forum for exchange of knowledge, practices and experiences between the participants with the aim of promoting health and safety at work and reinforces and builds networks and alliances while laying the groundwork for cooperation and strengthening relationships among all related parties. It also provides a platform for development of knowledge, strategic and practical ideas that can be immediately put into practice.

Turkey's electricity import bill down by 63.6% in Q1’18

Turkey's electricity import bill in the first quarter of 2018 decreased by 63.6 percent compared to the same period of 2017, according to Turkish Statistical Institute's (TURKSTAT) data Monday. The country paid $11.13 million for its electricity imports between the January and March period, compared to $30.59 million during the same period of 2017, the TURKSTAT data showed.

While Turkey imported 504.44 million kilowatt-hours of electricity from Greece, Bulgaria, Azerbaijan and Czechia, formerly known as the Czech Republic, in the first quarter of 2017, the country's electricity imports in the same period of 2018 were down by nearly 45.84 percent and amounted to 273.18 million kilowatt-hours.

The country imported electricity from five countries in the January-March period this year including Greece, Czechia, Bulgaria, Georgia and Azerbaijan. The highest electricity import bill of $4.80 million was paid in January when Turkey imported nearly 117.71 million kilowatt-hours of electricity from these countries.

Highest amount of electricity imported from Bulgaria in 1Q18

Bulgaria was the country from which Turkey imported electricity the most in the January-March period. During this period, Turkey imported 205.38 million kilowatt-hours of electricity from Bulgaria paying $7.82 million. Azerbaijan, Georgia, Czechia and Greece followed Bulgaria, according to TURKSTAT data.

The amount of electricity imported from Azerbaijan decreased from 126.01 million kilowatt-hours in 2017 to 59.48 million kilowatt-hours in 2018 when Turkey paid $3.02 million for its imports.

In the first quarter of 2018, Turkey imported 6.66 million kilowatt-hours of electricity from Georgia, 1.08 million from Czechia and 572,000 from Greece. The country paid $225,646 to Georgia, $39,600 to Czechia and $26,728 to Greece

Source: AA

2018 Expectations: General Manager’s of DSOs in Turkey

ARAS Electricity Distribution Company CEO Fikret Akbaş

The region that we operate needs the highest investment because of its geographical and climate conditions. We are shaping our investment plans accordingly, in the meetings with the participation of local authorities. For 2018, our R&D project on loss and illegal electricity use “PLC” was approved by EMRA. The project is aiming to decrease loss and illegal use rate in our region.

BOGAZİCİ Electricity Distribution Company CEO Murat Yiğit

We are operating in a region (Europe side of Istanbul), which constitutes 13% of the overall electricity consumption in Turkey. We give great importance to use of technology and R&D processes. At our R&D Center, we have developed 17 R&D projects with TL 30 million investment. We will continue our studies with a special focus on higher customer satisfaction. We project TL 412 million investment for 2018.

Çamlıbel Elektrik Dağıtım A.Ş. Genel Müdürü Ahmet Sait AKBOĞA

Electricity consumption in our distribution region has increased by 11% in 2017, and we realized more than TL 100 million investment in the same year. In 2018, we are aiming to focus on conscious electricity consumption, protection of environmental values and social responsibility and make our company shine out with our R&D projects and customer satisfaction studies.

The future of offshore energy

Energy produced offshore is a major component of global oil and natural gas supply and could provide an increasingly important source of renewable electricity. Resources are enormous, but offshore projects have to prove their worth in a changing market and policy context, amid a variety of pressures on the world’s oceans.

More than a quarter of today’s oil and gas supply is produced offshore, mostly in the Middle East, the North Sea, Brazil, the Gulf of Mexico and the Caspian Sea. While offshore oil production has been relatively stable since 2000, natural gas output from offshore fields has risen by more than 50% over the same period. Offshore electricity generation, mainly from wind, has increased rapidly in recent years, notably in the relatively shallow coastal waters of Europe’s North Sea.

But it is not all plain sailing. The 2010 Deepwater Horizon accident and spill in the Gulf of Mexico was a major setback for the offshore hydrocarbons industry; prospects for offshore oil and gas have also been shaken by the shale revolution and by lower prices, and must cope with longer-term uncertainties over demand.

Offshore wind is a rising force, but remains for the moment a relatively marginal one at 0.2% of global electricity generation; wind and other marine technologies face stiff competition from a range of onshore options, including other low-carbon sources of generation. This new report in the World Energy Outlook series provides a detailed assessment of the outlook for offshore energy against a dynamic backdrop of energy market, policy, technology and environmental considerations.

Offshore energy set to rise

In our projections to 2040, the amount of energy-related offshore activity is poised to increase in both scenarios, although the fortunes of oil, gas and wind power vary depending on the policies in place. This resilience is good news for the offshore supply and services industry; the world’s continued need for offshore energy is also good reason for regulators to pay close attention to operational and environmental performance.

In the New Policies Scenario, in which we explore the evolution of the global energy system in line with existing policy frameworks and announced intentions, offshore oil production edges higher, while gas surges ahead to become – in energy-equivalent terms – the largest component of offshore output. Generation from offshore wind rises by more than ten times to 2040, helped by supportive policies in Europe, China and elsewhere.

In a Sustainable Development Scenario, in which the world gets on track to attain its climate, air quality and energy access goals, the balance of offshore activity shifts, but the overall level remains substantial. By the 2030s, offshore investment in this scenario – currently heavily weighted towards oil – is split into three roughly equal parts as oil and (to a lesser extent) gas output growth is lower than in our main scenario, while offshore electricity generation grows twice as fast and provides 4% of global power generation by 2040.

Overall, the Sustainable Development Scenario requires $4.6 trillion in capital investment in all types of offshore energy over the period to 2040, compared with $5.9 trillion over the same period in the New Policies Scenario.

Integrated thinking

The growth of offshore wind creates potential synergies with the offshore hydrocarbons sector; integration could bring benefits in terms of reduced costs, improved environmental performance and utilization of infrastructure. The interlinkages between the different offshore energy industries are in three major areas:

  • The overlapping competencies required to construct and maintain offshore projects and to operate in harsh marine environments. We estimate that around one-third of the full lifetime costs of an offshore wind project (including operation, maintenance and service costs) may have significant synergies with the oil and gas supply chain.
  • The possibility to electrify offshore oil and gas operations where there are wind farms nearby, or via floating turbines, reducing the need to run diesel or gas-fired generators on the platform and reducing emissions of carbon dioxide (CO2) and air pollutants.
  • The scope to find new uses for existing offshore infrastructure once it reaches the end of its operational life, in ways that might aid energy transitions: for example, platforms could provide offshore bases for maintenance of wind farms, house facilities to convert power to hydrogen or ammonia, or be used to inject CO2 into depleted fields.

The North Sea, a relatively mature oil and gas basin with a thriving renewable electricity industry, is already seeing some crossover between the sectors: some large oil and gas companies are major players in offshore wind; one former oil and gas company, Ørsted in Denmark, has moved entirely to wind and other renewables. As its energy profile gradually changes, the North Sea is also likely to be the laboratory that tests the technical and commercial validity of the other, longer term concepts for collaboration.

However, the potential synergies are not confined to Europe; and the need for integrated offshore thinking extends well beyond the energy sector to encompass shipping, port infrastructure, other maritime industries and all aspects of the marine environment.

Source: IEA

India addresses the fourth energy revolution

The energy sector is going through a grand transition as conventional energy entities across the entire value chain need to adapt through innovation, collaboration and adoption of new business models. The World is witnessing a revolution that is fundamentally changing the way we live, work and relate to one another through revolutionary technological penetration which is termed ‘Energy 4’.

The 7th India Energy Congress organised by the Council’s Indian member committee, convened key players within the Indian and global energy sector, earlier this month under the theme ‘Energy 4.0- Energy Transition towards 2030’. More than 400 experts discussed the ‘fourth energy revolution’ and outlined a map for 2030, in light of increasing digital disruptions.

Delegates agreed Energy 4 will need to address issues of future market design, balance relationships between market partners, and evolve the need for policy and regulatory regimes, to keep pace with digital technological advancements in the face of the grand transition.

This year the congress was much more ambitious on renewables than three years ago with energy Ministers predicting that India will exceed its target of 175GW renewable capacity and reach 200 GW by 2022.

Christoph Frei, Secretary General, World Energy Council, commented: “Renewable integration will be a critical focus going forward. As coal prices go up, renewable prices go down, there will be a shifting appetite towards renewables.”

Piyush Goyal, Minister for Coal, said India should strive for 50 per cent of its power generation capacity from renewable sources by 2030 on the back of technological advancements in solar and wind energy.

“With technological advancements in solar power and large turbines in wind energy, the country should strive for 50 per cent generation capacity from renewable sources by 2030,” Goyal said while addressing the Congress.

Sub-themes during the congress included:

  • Political and energy environment 2030
  • Energy investments in an uncertain world
  • Sustainable mobility
  • Variable Renewable Energy sources integration

The event also provided a platform to promote the 24th World Energy Congress in Abu Dhabi, 2019.

Source: WEC

European Commission supports energy efficiency projects

The European Commission Technical Assistance Facility (EC Technical Assistance) linked to the European Energy Efficiency Fund (eeef) proved to be an important facilitation tool for public authorities to receive the capacity needed - whether internally or externally - for elaborating on their initial ideas for sustainable investment programs. Between December 2011 and March 2016, the EC Technical Assistance Facility supported the project development activities of 16 public beneficiaries in eight Member States of the European Union, including Belgium, Ireland, Denmark, France, the Netherlands, Spain, the United Kingdom and Portugal.

By the end of 2017, the EC Technical Assistance successfully facilitated 10 projects leading to a total investment volume of €194.4 m, which are at various stages of implementation. Four Technical Assistance projects (€53.9 m) have already achieved financial close with the eeef, including Région Rhône-Alpes (a building retrofit project in France), the City of Venlo (a street lighting project  in the Netherlands), the Ore Valley Housing Association (a project related to energy conservation measures in the United Kingdom) and the City of Santander (a public lighting project based in Spain); while three further Technical Assistance projects (€94.2 m), including the Groupement de Redéploiement Economique Liège (a building retrofit project based in Belgium), the University of Liège (another building retrofit based in Belgium) and partly the City of Córdoba (a public lighting  and  building retrofit project in Spain), are under completion with the Technical Assistance beneficiaries’ own funding and/or other regional sources. Further projects, including two Spanish cities and a Portuguese region, aim to reach completion soon, with eeef financing under discussion. For further information please refer to the attached executive summary of the European Commission Final Report prepared by the Investment Manager.

These green investment programs are expected to deliver around 26,701 tons of CO2e savings and estimated primary energy savings of 146,942 MWh per annum helping the public authorities to transform to resilient, cleaner and sustainable places.

The EC Technical Assistance Facility was a well-perceived project development opportunity in the European sustainable energy market and helped projects to finance energy audits, feasibility studies and the preparation of implementation plans, including procurement procedures. It closed its operations by the end of 2017. Going forward, public authorities will receive Technical Assistance support from the eeef’s newly created Technical Assistance Facility. For further information on the eeef Technical Assistance Facility, please visit:  https://www.eeef.eu/eeef-ta-facility.html

Megan Richards, chair of the eeef Supervisory Board and director of the EC stated that ‘the EC Technical Assistance facility helped local and regional governments to undertake energy efficiency improvements that, in turn, can be examples to others and demonstrate how to develop projects, build appropriate financial models and develop local skills to invest in efficient energy – the cheapest energy of all.’

According to Lada Strelnikova, Lead Investment Manager of the eeef, ‘We, at eeef, have closely accompanied our Technical Assistance beneficiaries along a holistic project value chain providing appropriate technical expertise and financing to help them realize their sustainable investment plans. Considering the increasing urbanization of cities, sectors such as energy and lighting have the largest impact on the climate change debate. Cities need assistance to lead the energy transition as the front-runners. We are delighted to see the fruitful outcome of a great partnership with our public authorities.’

Source: EEEF

How to prepare cities and citizens for more killer heat waves

Heat waves are among the world’s deadliest natural disasters, killing more Americans than hurricanes, tornadoes, and earthquakes combined. And they’re only expected to get worse, as human-caused climate change ratchets up their frequency and intensity.

The good news is that both heat spells and cold snaps are fairly predictable, and “extreme temperature early action systems have proven that they can save lives around the world,” notes a report in Environmental Research Letters published on May 1. 

By analyzing weather forecast models, the researchers found that nearly five billion people inhabit regions where extreme temperatures can be forecast. That at least presents the opportunity for establishing early warning systems and action plans. In the thick of heat waves, responders can provide drinking water, set up cooling shelters, and check in on vulnerable citizens, particularly the elderly, the study says.

“We have the ability to prevent a lot of suffering, illness, and death from heat waves and cold waves around the world,” says Erin Coughlan de Perez, lead author of the report and manager of the climate science team at the Red Cross Red Crescent Climate Centre. “We should be able to take action and adapt in a lot of places.”

The study—coauthored by researchers at Columbia University, VU Amsterdam, and other institutions—didn’t assess what portion of those regions already have some kind of warning systems or response plans in place. “But it’s safe to assume that in many of those places they could be improved,” Coughlan de Perez says.

Her group undertook the study in part because the Red Cross wanted to know where bouts of extreme temperatures could be predicted with adequate notice to respond.

Coughlan de Perez says she’s optimistic about how much these programs can help, in part because they’re not actually that expensive. A lot of the work is passing out water and communicating to people to take the problem seriously, which can mainly mean remaining indoors and staying hydrated.

A big problem is that many don’t appreciate the full danger of high temperatures. The direct and immediate effects include heat cramps, heat exhaustion, and heat stroke, which can quickly lead to death without emergency treatment. In many cities, mortality rates increase by 5 percent on heat-wave days, the study notes. Children, the elderly, and pregnant women are particularly vulnerable.

Extreme heat can also exacerbate droughts and wildfires, widen global economic disparities, trigger greater violence, and reduce lifelong earnings (see “Global warming may harm children for life”).

But there are obvious limits to what response plans for short-term events can accomplish. As global temperatures continue to rise in the years to come, broader shifts in infrastructure and practices will be required.

A growing portion of the world’s citizens are expected to install air conditioning, both because of rising temperatures and because more people will be able to afford it. The UN’s Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change predicts that energy demand for air conditioning will soar by a factor of more than 30 by 2100, undermining broader efforts to slash greenhouse-gas emissions.

Many cities will require extensive adaptions, which can include deploying heat-deflecting building materials, planting far more trees, or designating community cooling centers of the sort that Boston, Chicago, and New York have established.

But another recent study in Environmental Research Letters noted that by the middle to end of the century, temperature and humidity levels could often exceed theoretical limits of human tolerance, threatening to make some parts of the world uninhabitable.

Source: MIT Technology Review


International audit, tax and advisory services company, KPMG, conducted Deal Making In the Renewable Energy Sector 2018 research, based on a survey of 200 senior level investors in the sector from the Asia Pacific region, Europe, the Middle East and Africa (EMA) and the Americas.
Highlights from the report include:

  • Deal volumes in the renewable energy sector have increased every year since 2010 and continue to climb. In 2017, there were 406 deals globally, worth EUR40.1 billion.
  • Respondents expect Germany to see the biggest rise in M&A activity in the next 12 months, ranking it the western European country where they are most likely to invest. This is attributed to its stable regulatory landscape and continuous development plans for renewables.
  • China is attracting similar interest, based largely on its deep pockets and long-term renewables strategy. The government plans to invest 2.5 trillion Yuan (USD 377 billion) in renewable power generation as part of its 13th Five-Year Plan on Energy Development, increasing installed capacity to 680GW by 2020.
  • In terms of sub-sectors, 43 percent of respondents say offshore wind will see the biggest rise in M&A over the next 12 months, followed by hydropower (39%), photovoltaic solar (16%), and thermal solar (1%), while smaller scale technology like biogas remains under-represented.

Please click here to read the full report.