ENERGY NEWS - TURKEY
EBRD boosts energy efficiency in Turkey

€50 million loan to Garanti Leasing to benefit small businesses

The EBRD is providing a loan of €50 million equivalent in Turkish lira to Garanti Finansal Kiralama A.S. for on-lending to small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in Turkey for energy efficiency investments.

The loan is extended under the third phase of the Turkey Sustainable Energy Financing Facility (TurSEFF III) which provides financing of €400 million to commercial banks and leasing companies for on-lending to private sector SMEs as well as public sector beneficiaries for sustainable energy investments.

TurSEFF III is supported by a technical cooperation programme of up to €5.5 million by the European Union (EU) to promote the sustainable use of energy in Turkey and support private sector development.

Sub-loans under the credit line will contribute towards building a green economy by facilitating the expansion of resource efficiency and renewable energy lending in Turkey. Examples of possible investments include energy efficiency, water efficiency, waste minimisation and small-scale renewable energy investments.

The loan will also strengthen the financial sector in the country and contribute to the wider proliferation of leasing. Although often a viable alternative to debt financing, the market penetration of leasing in comparison to GDP is one of the lowest in comparable economies.

Unal Gokmen, General Manager of Garanti Leasing, said:  “In Turkey, leasing is a very important solution for SMEs as it helps them meet long-term financing needs. TurSEFF III will be used to finance many energy saving projects for SMEs in the country. With our SME-focused strategy and broad customer base throughout the country, Garanti Leasing has always been a reliable partner of SMEs and a well-known player in international markets. This financing facility is a sign of confidence that the lenders have placed in Garanti Leasing and in the Turkish economy.

The EBRD is a major investor in Turkey. Since 2009 it has invested €10 billion in various sectors of the Turkish economy, with almost all investments in the private sector. In 2017 alone, the Bank invested €1.6 billion in 51 projects in the country, half of which qualified under the Bank’s Green Economy Transition (GET) approach.

Source: EBRD

Zorlu Energy’s investment in Turkey’s largest geothermal power plant nominated for “European Geothermal Innovation Award.”

The innovative success of Zorlu Energy’s 80-MW Kızıldere II Geothermal Power Plant, which is Turkey’s largest and one of the world’s limited large-capacity power plants was recognized in Europe. The Kızıldere II Geothermal Power Plant became one of the four power plants nominated for “European Geothermal Innovation Award 2014”, granted by the European Geothermal Energy Council based on an evaluation of certain criteria such as innovation, safety, original design, low emissions, energy output.

The significance and success of Zorlu Energy’s Kızıldere II Geothermal Power Plant in Denizli, Sarayköy as Turkey’s largest geothermal energy investor, has also been proved in Europe. Zorlu Energy was nominated for the European Geothermal Innovation Award 2014 given by the European Geothermal Energy Council at the GeoTHERM Trade Fair and Congress.

European Geothermal Innovation Award 2014 plays an important role in the geothermal power’s future development approving the smartest and most important ideas in research and industry. The nominated geothermal power plants were evaluated according to criteria such as innovation, safety, originality, emission reduction, and energy output. The European Geothermal Energy Council (EGEC) is a Brussels-based institution established to support geothermal energy with over 129 members from 28 European countries including public and private institutions, consultants and research centers.

Kızıldere Geothermal Power Plant will contribute USD 50 million annually to efforts for closing Turkey’s current account deficit

Stating their happiness for receiving such an award Zorlu Energy General Manager Sinan Ak said: “As Zorlu Energy, we aim to focus on local and renewable energy resources and make investments that create added value, support employment and contribute with all aspects. Kızıldere II Geothermal Power Plant is a reflection of this point of view. We invested USD 250 million in putting the 80-MW capacity Kızıldere II Geothermal Power Plant into operation and the 15 MW-capacity Kızıldere I Geothermal Power Plant within the same field increases our total geothermal installed capacity rise to 95 MW. Our plant symbolizes a first also in the integrated use of geothermal energy in the greenhouse and residential heating.”

“We will have met half of Turkey’s 2023 geothermal target by 2020.”

Sinan Ak said that the power plant currently provided heating to the homes in Denizli’s Sarayköy District and added: “In addition to generating electricity, our Kızıldere project is a versatile and integrated facility that provides carbon dioxide to the industrial gas plants in the vicinity free geothermal water to thermal hotels and geothermal greenhouses, boosts employment, and contributes to the regional life.

Stating that they carried out activities to increase Zorlu Energy’s geothermal investments Mr. Ak added: “Our potential in the current field can increase our installed geothermal capacity up to 300 MW. “Therefore, we will have met half of Turkey’s 2023 geothermal energy target by 2020.”

A documentary-like archive from Zorlu Energy: “Energy: Tomorrow’s Bermuda Triangle-Earth’s energy: Geothermal”

An environment-friendly project, Kızıldere II Geothermal Power Plant was established thanks to state-of-the-art systems and equipment in addition to a team of 600 people who worked around the clock for 20 months, conducting 12-month-long feasibility studies and opening 20 well bores with a 2,800-meter depth in 26 months. The conversion of geothermal into energy at Kızıldere Power Plant was explained with an archive-like documentary “Energy: Tomorrow’s Bermuda Triangle-Earth’s Energy: Geothermal” in cooperation with İZ TV.

The archive-like documentary is very comprehensive work covering a wide range of issues including the first use of geothermal in the history, its spread in today’s world, Mineral Research and Exploration (MTA) Institute’s first geothermal research in the 1960s, opinions held by scientists from Turkey as well as geothermal systems that provide, in addition to electricity, carbon dioxide for the surrounding industrial gas facilities, and water to thermal hotels, homes, and greenhouses.

Source: Zorlu Energy

ENERGY NEWS - WORLD
City of Lisbon pilots automated demand response

New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organisation (NEDO) has signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with the National Laboratory for Energy and Geology of Portugal to implement a demand response project.

Following the signing of the MoU, NEDO has reached an agreement with the city of Lisbon to test its automated demand response technology in facilities owned by the council.

The project is also being implemented in partnership with Portuguese electric power retailer and a Virtual Power Plant operator, who aggregates multiple small-to-medium power generation facilities of renewable energy.

The solution provider is partnering with Daikin to deploy the technology to remotely manage power demand and usage in four public facilities including the City Hall.

NEDO and Daikin have installed multi-split air conditioning systems equipped with cold storage units and a demand response function.

The cold storage system will be used to provide air cooling capabilities to air conditioning systems, a development which would help reduce energy usage of the air conditioners during times when demand is high.

The solution includes a system consumer can use to predict daily energy use based on available data on weather and daily air conditioning patterns.

The platform will remotely switch appliances' energy demand in line with signals sent by the grid operator of the VPP.

The aim is to reduce consumer bills during peaks, ensure grid reliability and to maximize renewable energy usage during peak demand periods.

The ADR system had been in development since 2016.

The pilot launches at a time commercial buildings account for approximately 40% of the country's total electricity consumption.

Portugal is also in the process of expanding its renewable energy generation following powering 44% of its domestic consumers with renewables in 2017.

Source: Metering

Tesla Proposes its Largest Energy Storage Project: 1.1 GWh in the California Desert

Tesla has partnered with California’s Pacific Gas & Electric (PG&E) to submit a proposal for Tesla’s largest energy storage project to date; one that’s capable of producing up to 1.1GWh.

According to Popular Mechanics, the two entities want to build a lithium-ion battery energy storage system (BESS) with 182.5 MW. “Tesla would supply the BESS with its Powerpack energy system,” the publication writes. A single Tesla Powerpack holds 16 individual battery pods.

According to the proposal, PG&E would have the ability to expand its new facility to running 1.1 GWh. While Tesla would supply the hardware, PG&E would own and operate the facility.

Tesla Down Under

In July 2017, Tesla announced it won a government bid to build the world’s largest lithium-ion battery. Tesla says the 100-megawatt energy storage solution will power much of South Australia.

The 100 MW/129 MWh Powerpack battery system stores wind energy from the Neoen Hornsdale Wind Farm and will speed the advancement of “a resilient and modern grid,” according to Tesla. The Powerpack charges using wind energy and then deliver electricity during peak hours to help maintain the reliable operation of South Australia’s electrical infrastructure.

In February, the latest National Energy Emissions Audit from the Australia Institute shows that in early February, the battery was consistently charging up at night when prices were low, and discharging in the late afternoon, when prices were very high. Currently it’s still summer in the region so those were particularly hot days. The battery is connected to Neoen’s wind farm, around 140 miles north of Adelaide.

The Battery Storage Market

Earlier this year, Reuters reported that US deployments of energy storage systems will nearly triple in 2018 thanks to sharply lower costs and state policies that support the case for installing batteries in homes, businesses and along the power grid.

That forecasted growth of 186% to 1,233 megawatt-hours of storage from 431 MWh compares with the 27% increase in 2017, according to a report by GTM Research and the Energy Storage Association trade group.

Source: Energy Manager Today

In a new strategy, BMW is building combustion, hybrid and electric cars all in the same factory

A worker reaches up to fasten a cable on the inside front end of the BMW 7 Series chassis hanging over her. The dangling body is moving along slowly on the elevated assembly line here at one of the German automaker’s biggest factories. She’s keeping up with the line easily, but the overall pace is deceptively quick. A new car rolls off production every 83 seconds.

A few feet away, a co-worker prepares for the next vehicle, a 530e plug-in hybrid. He aligns a console holding the car’s large battery beneath its body and then pulls a lever, prompting a machine to lift the unit into its housing.

Finished with her previous task, the woman comes over to help with some more cables. When the duo are done, their car will move on to receive doors and wheels courtesy of large, orange-coloured robot arms further down the line.

Their next job, and the one after that, will be on another vehicle with a combustion engine. Sooner or later, another hybrid will come along. But it won’t matter – they can handle different cars with varying powertrains without missing a beat.

Hybridized production is the operative concept in BMW’s new manufacturing strategy. The automaker recently reconfigured this 51-year-old factory in the small town of Dingolfing, about 100 kilometres northwest of company headquarters in Munich, to deal with a changing market.

The company expects to sell 140,000 electrified vehicles this year, up from 100,000 in 2017. Pure electric vehicles will soon be added to the Dingolfing line to complement the plug-in hybrids already being produced. BMW is prepared for combustion, hybrid and battery electric vehicles, but it isn’t sure what that overall mix is going to look like.

“It’s like a bottle of ketchup,” says plant director Andreas Wendt. “When you shake it, you know some will come out, you just don’t know when or how much.”

Remodelling of the Dingolfing factory, which employs 18,000 people alongside 2,000 robots, began in 2013. The first hybrid rolled off the line in 2016, while BMW’s upcoming full-battery EV, the iNext, will begin production here in 2021, joining the current slate of 5, 6 and 7 Series, plus the 8 Series that starts this year.

The company expects plug-in hybrids and battery EVs to comprise between 15 and 25 per cent of the overall market by 2025, which is close to other estimates in its conservatism. Analysis firm Fitch Ratings, for one, believes around 10 million battery-powered EVs will be sold by 2025, which would represent about 10 per cent of all vehicles.

BMW executives say they can double EV production at the Dingolfing plant in a year, should market demand justify it.

That flexibility will be key because it means the company will be able to fully utilize existing factories without having to build new ones devoted to specific powertrains. It also means plants can run uninterrupted without having to shut down to reconfigure for different vehicles.

“We have to preserve the investments we have already taken,” says Dirk Hilgenberg, senior vice-president of production systems, technical planning, tool shop and plant construction. “This allows us to breathe within a certain range.”

Executives also believe consumers will ultimately see benefits from hybridized production. Rather than waiting months for a specific order, the flexible system is intended to deliver faster just-in-time results, meaning less wait time for customers.

“We can react quicker to market demand,” says BMW board member Oliver Zipse. “With that platform ready and available, we can fit cars quicker and produce them faster.”

The flexible system isn’t intended to last forever, Zipse says, but it’s a practical approach for the time being. BMW will have to reassess the strategy should EV sales take off faster than expected.

That could mean reverting to single-purpose factories if EVs ever account for the majority of car sales, although that isn’t expected to happen within the next decade. A number of factors, including the availability of charging stations, need to fall into place before EV sales really jump. Electric vehicles also sell at a premium compared to regular combustion cars, which is unlikely to change for at least the next five years, Zipse says.

The cost of batteries will come down over time, but any savings realized there will be put back into extending their range and capacity, at least for the time being. “Batteries don’t follow natural industrialization trends,” he says.

Industry experts believe the hybridized production strategy, which a number of automakers are adopting, is prudent. Toyota, for example, has been producing combustion and hybrid Lexus vehicles at its factory in Cambridge, Ont., and is in the process of doing the same there with its RAV4 line.

“It’s a practical approach when you look at the cost of what it takes to put a plant in place,” says Ross McKenzie, managing director of the Waterloo Centre for Automotive Research. “If that’s in place, you’re going to have an assembler ready to meet demand.”

Source: The Globe and Mail

Department of Energy Invests $64 Million in Advanced Nuclear Technology

U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) announced nearly $64 million in awards for advanced nuclear energy technology to DOE national laboratories, industry, and 39 U.S. universities in 29 states. In total, DOE’s Office of Nuclear Energy selected 89 projects for funding for nuclear energy research, facility access, and crosscutting technology and infrastructure development.

“Because nuclear energy is such a vital part of our nation’s energy portfolio, these investments are necessary to ensuring that future generations of Americans will continue to benefit from safe, clean, reliable, and resilient nuclear energy,” said Ed McGinnis, DOE’s Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary for Nuclear Energy. “Our commitment to providing researchers with access to the fundamental infrastructure and capabilities needed to develop advanced nuclear technologies is critical.”

The awards are dispersed under three DOE nuclear energy programs: The Nuclear Energy University Program (NEUP), the Nuclear Energy Enabling Technologies (NEET) program, and the Nuclear Science User Facilities (NSUF) program.

Nuclear Energy University Program (NEUP)

DOE is awarding $47 million through NEUP to support 63 U.S. university-led nuclear energy research and development projects in 29 states. These projects will maintain U.S. leadership in nuclear research across the country by providing top science and engineering faculty and their students opportunities to develop innovative technologies and solutions for civil nuclear capabilities.

An additional $5 million is being awarded under NEUP to support 18 university-led projects for research reactor and infrastructure improvements. These projects will provide important safety, performance, and educational upgrades to a portion of the nation’s 25 university research reactors.

Nuclear Energy Enabling Technologies (NEET)

DOE is awarding $5 million under the NEET program for five research and development projects led by DOE national laboratories, industry, and universities. Together, they will conduct research to address crosscutting nuclear energy challenges that will help to develop advanced sensors and instrumentation, advanced manufacturing methods, and materials for multiple nuclear reactor plant and fuel applications.

Nuclear Science User Facilities (NSUF)

Under its NSUF program, DOE has selected one industry-led and two university-led projects to investigate important nuclear fuel and material applications. These projects will receive $6.6 million in total for research, facility access costs, and expertise in the following topics: experimental neutron and ion irradiation testing, post-irradiation examination facilities, synchrotron beamline capabilities, and technical assistance for design and analysis of experiments through the NSUF program.

Source: Department of Energy

ARTICLE OF THE WEEK

Decarbonization pathways (electrification part) by Eurelectric

Full EU decarbonization by 2050 would require an electrification share of 63% in transport and buildings respectively and 50% in industrial processes. Moreover, the study points out that different starting points across EU countries – in terms of energy mix, economic situation and industrial activities – will require different pathways and level of efforts. In Poland, for instance, deep decarbonization will depend heavily on the commercial availability of key transition technologies.

Please click here to read the full report.

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